How to install BackBox Linux distribution as a virtual machine

BackBox Linux is a free, open-source neighborhood challenge based mostly on Ubuntu. Learn how to make use of the BackBox Linux distribution as a digital machine.


Picture: BackBox

A number of Linux distributions can be found these days for safety and penetration testing. BackBox Linux is without doubt one of the main ones, with a give attention to delivering the perfect efficiency whereas consuming as few sources as potential. It makes it an working system that fits each {hardware} configuration, even older ones.

SEE: 40+ open supply and Linux phrases it’s worthwhile to know (TechRepublic Premium)

Whereas it may be put in as an actual working system, penetration testers principally use it as a digital machine.

We selected to indicate you the way it may be put in within the VirtualBox atmosphere, however it may simply be put in on different digital methods, like VMware or Parallels.

What you may want

Along with a pc operating a Home windows, Macintosh or Linux distribution, VirtualBox is required.

You additionally must obtain the ISO file accessible on BackBox Linux obtain web page (Determine A):

Determine A


 The BackBox Linux obtain web page.

Choose ISO, choose a mirror and any amount of cash for those who like, to assist the BackBox Linux workers preserve the distribution. Setting the donation to 0 makes it downloadable without cost.

Tips on how to set up the digital machine

Open VirtualBox and select Machine/New then select a reputation for the digital machine. For our set up we’ll name it “backbox-vm.” Select Linux kind and Ubuntu (64-bit) for the model (Determine B):

Determine B


Creating the brand new digital machine in VirtualBox.

Click on Subsequent then choose the scale of the reminiscence (RAM) you want to be allotted to the digital machine (Determine C).

Determine C


Setting RAM capability for the digital machine.

Click on Subsequent, choose Create a Digital Exhausting Disk Bow, then click on Create. Choose VDI because the laborious disk file kind, then click on Subsequent.

It is now as much as you to decide on between a dynamically allotted digital laborious drive or a fixed-size one. The fixed-size choice lets you set a most dimension that may by no means change on the bodily laborious drive. The dynamically allotted choice will solely consummate disk storage because it fills up. For this sort of VM, 40 or 80GB is usually a very good dimension, however it all is determined by your {hardware} and the house left on it.

Subsequent, set the scale of the digital laborious drive (Determine D). 

Determine D


Setting digital laborious drive dimension.

Click on Create, wait a dozen seconds whereas VirtualBox finishes setting it up. The digital machine atmosphere is now prepared.

Proper-click on the brand new digital machine, and choose Settings (Determine E).

Determine E


Accessing the settings for the digital machine.

Change all of the settings in keeping with your wants and {hardware}, then go to the Storage tab, click on the CD ROM picture that claims “Empty” within the center pane, and click on on the second CD ROM picture on the best pane. Select Disk File (Determine F).

Determine F


Selecting the ISO file for set up.

Choose the ISO file, click on Open, tick the Stay CD/DVD choice, then click on OK.

Backbox is now prepared for booting. Proper click on on the digital machine, choose Begin/Regular Begin.

Backbox is now launched and accessible to be used (Determine G).

Determine G


You at the moment are free to make use of the distribution as is, in reside CD mode, or set up it positively on the digital laborious drive by double-clicking the Set up BackBox Linux icon on the desktop.

Whereas utilizing a Linux distribution in reside CD mode is OK, putting in the working system considerably improves the efficiency of the digital machine. Let’s do it.

SEE: Linux turns 30: Celebrating the open supply working system (free PDF) (TechRepublic)

Set up steps are the identical as for a traditional Ubuntu Linux system. It begins with asking the language for the distribution, then requests the keyboard structure.

The third step is to configure downloads for updates and third-party software program acceptance (Determine H).

Determine H


Deciding on the obtain whereas putting in choice, and the third celebration software program choice.

You might be free to tick the third-party software program settlement or not. As for the download-while-installing choice, it is usually a good suggestion to tick it, because it saves time.

The subsequent step is the set up kind. Superior customers would possibly configure the set up the way in which they need right here, however the default settings are adequate: because the digital laborious drive is empty at this level, it’s OK to remain on the Erase disk and set up BackBox selection, and click on Set up Now.

The installer asks you then to arrange your time zone, your username, the title for the machine and your password, and also you’re all set to launch the set up.

A couple of minutes later, it’s put in and asks for reboot. Reply Restart Now and revel in the brand new digital machine begin.

Fill within the password for the consumer, and the distribution is prepared for motion (Determine I).

Determine I


Exhibiting the Auditing instruments classes from the BackBox Linux menu.

Along with the Auditing tab is an Nameless tab. This feature permits the consumer to anonymize the system through using the Tor community. All of the consumer must do is reply questions earlier than the tor service is began (Determine J).

Determine J


Working the nameless script from BackBox Linux.

Tips on how to set up VirtualBox visitor additions

Now could be the time to put in the VirtualBox Visitor Additions, which is able to enable the digital machine to run full display and enhance its efficiency.

Choose Gadgets/Insert Visitor Additions CD picture in VirtualBox.

A CD icon seems, named after the VirtualBox visitor additions model (Determine Okay):

Determine Okay


Exhibiting the VirtualBox visitor additions CD-ROM on the desktop.

Click on the Backbox emblem on the higher left of the display to entry the menu, and launch the Terminal Emulator.

As soon as the terminal is opened, go to the folder the place VirtualBox visitor addition has been mounted (Determine Okay) by typing:

cd /media//VBox_Gas_6.1.-26/

(Protip: for those who kind “cd /media//VBox then hit the tab key, it ought to autocomplete the folder title)

Launch the file (Determine L) as root consumer by typing:

sudo ./

Determine L


Exhibiting the terminal and putting in the VirtualBox visitor additions.

As soon as the set up is completed, restart the digital machine, and also you’re finished, BackBox runs full display with all of the visitor additions.

Backbox is without doubt one of the main penetration testing and moral hacking distributions, along with Kali Linux. A number of variations are that Kali Linux relies on Debian, whereas Backbox relies on Ubuntu; and Kali Linux has a bug bounty program, whereas Backbox Linux has none.

Creator Cedric Pernet is a risk knowledgeable with a robust give attention to cybercrime and cyberespionage. He works at Pattern Micro as senior risk researcher.

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